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Most buyers will opt to hire a home inspector who will examine all aspects of building maintenance and safety prior to purchase.  There are no guarantees that he or she will find all potential problems, but it is a worthwhile step to take before signing on the dotted line.  For those who are willing to get a little dirty and take on a challenge before signing the P&S agreement, Closing Attorney Rick Dunn recommends the following link with information on what elements to look out for during the house hunting process: http://www.newsday.com/classifieds/real-estate/tips-for-home-buyers-what-a-home-inspector-looks-for-1.9899810?sf7265462=1 Add a comment
Entrepreneurs seeking to enter the alternative legal service industry have been stymied in some states by fines and penalties imposed by the courts at the behest of the legal community.  Given that non-lawyer legal representation by companies such as LegalZoom and others can be the only affordable way for individuals to start a company, resolve family issues or to achieve regulatory compliance, to give some examples, it is noteworthy that many states report opposition to what is called “Unauthorized Practice” comes from those who stand to suffer from the competition.  Attorney Rob Anctil believes all should be welcome to weigh the scales of justice and forwards this Wall Street Journal article as food for thought:  http://www.wsj.com/news/article_email/SB10758858174227614679104580412102409160076-lMyQjAxMTA1NzI1OTgyODk1Wj?mod=wsj_share_email Add a comment
With a below average supply of homes for sale in most areas of the country, the availability of real estate is limited according to the National Association of Realtors.  This means the possibility of over-asking price sales is strong and should motivate would-be sellers.  Those seeking to convey real estate should benefit further by the fact that mortgage rates continue to hover at historic lows.  Closing Attorney Rick Dunn has sent this article for illustration: http://www.realtor.com/news/home-prices-up-supply-down/ Add a comment

Written by Attorney Charlie Perkins

With deference to those who remember the old Emerson Lake and Palmer Song quoted above, and with another potential snow storm pending for Saturday, February 21, 2015, trustees, managers, unit owners, lawyers and those who are endlessly shoveling roofs and plowing roads, have collectively “had it” with the weather this winter.

Hopefully spring is right around the corner, but the problems encountered this winter will not be going away any time soon.  With that in mind, we offer the following reminders to assist all of those dealing with this most memorable winter season.

1. When possible, document all areas that suffer damage from snow, ice or snow removal,  and supplement this documentation with the date and  time of said incident as well as pictures evidencing said damage.  Unless otherwise required by contract, this report should be submitted to the board, in one document, during the spring so that repairs can be discussed and initiated with the appropriate vendors.

2. Trustees or Unit Owners should ensure that all heating and dryer vents are clear of any snow or ice depending on the language in the condominium documents which establishes the party responsible for this type of maintenance.

3. It is clear that due to the severe weather conditions this winter, we anticipate that many boards will experience a budget deficiency.  In the event this does arise, we feel that transparency should be the key when addressing damage caused by the snow and ice or its removal, and the plan in place to cover the cost of these expenses.

In the short term, we recommend that boards develop a plan to pay vendors for any snow related expenses.  If the current budget does not have enough funds in place to cover these expenses, be advised that borrowing from the working capital is possible.  We are also aware that some boards may choose to borrow from another line item in their budget or in certain situations borrow from their reserve accounts. However, we advise that prior to borrowing any funds, the board should discuss a specific plan to repay these loans.   Please note that special assessments are not collectible as a priority lien pursuant to M.G.L. c. 183A and we advise that this type of assessment be avoided when possible.

Boards should consider borrowing funds from a bank, if possible, and/or raising the funds needed by creating a budget amendment over the remaining part of this fiscal year.  We recommend that in the event this does occur, the board should notify unit owners as soon as possible.

4. If you are a unit owner, we ask that you treat the professionals you contact for any repair or snow removal requests with the utmost courtesy.  Please keep in mind that vendors may be dealing with hundreds of e-mails or telephone calls on a daily basis and they need their sleep too.

5. Please keep off the roads when possible and contact your respective associations regarding snow removal policies. Perkins & Anctil, P.C. remains committed to assisting our clients during this difficult winter season.  Please feel free to contact our office so that we can assist you with any questions or concerns that may arise.

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Written by Attorney Charlie Perkins

Don’t Worry They’re Here…

Technology has a way of sweeping over the public before it is ready for regulation.  Witness Craigslist, Facebook, Twitter and Uber.

The next areas where we can expect issues to arise pertain to the use of drones.  Amazon indicated last year that it may utilize unmanned drones to deliver packages to individual residences.  There are also other entities which would like to incorporate drones into their business operations.  Real estate companies are using Drones to take pictures of their prospective listings.

Aside from concerns raised by the Federal Aviation Administration (“FAA”) and the Department of Transportation (“DOT”), there are a multitude of issues associated with drones and condominium associations.  These include landing in the common areas and any liability associated with the same.  Covenant restrictions should address concerns related to both the location and time for the use of drones on association property and determining how close to the units a drone can travel before it constitutes trespass.  Finally, will insurance companies be ready to address issues associated with the use of drones?

Our newer condominium documents contain the following provisions regarding drones:

“No drones or other remote-controlled aerial equipment, toys or vehicles shall be used       anywhere on the condominium common areas and facilities.  No unit owner shall receive            deliveries by drone.”

It is likely that as time progresses there will be governmental regulation regarding drones very similar to the regulation surrounding satellite dishes.  As we publish this newsletter, the FAA and DOT have just released proposed rules for small unmanned aircraft. These can be found at http://www.faa.gov/regulations_policies/rulemaking/media/021515_sUAS_Summary.pdf.

However, notwithstanding any of the aforementioned concerns regarding drones, in the words used by Judy Collins regarding clowns…don’t worry they’re here!

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While historically low interest rates are not expected to be available forever, rates below 4% are still available now.  Until the driving forces of commodity turmoil and low Treasury rates reverse themselves, analysts at the Housing Finance Policy Center see rates remaining at their current levels.  This is good news for potential buyers.  Attorney Rick Dunn forwards this link with more information:  http://blog.metrotrends.org/2015/02/major-forces-driving-mortgage-interest-rates/ Add a comment
Many of us have been told that Spring is the best time to sell a house, perhaps because moving is easier in warm weather.  Others believe that summer is the most convenient time to make a location change because of the school calendar.  However, a study by Redfin that was analyzed by RealtorMag shows that, between 2010 and 2014, the percentage of homes placed under contract within 30 days in Spring was 39%, only 1% over the dead of winter and a few percentage points over the other seasons.   What is more interesting is that Winter either outpaced or matched Spring as the leading season for real estate sales in 9 different markets.  Closing Attorney Rick Dunn forwards this link for more detail: http://realtormag.realtor.org/daily-news/2015/02/09/best-seasons-sell-home Add a comment

Written by Attorney Charlie Perkins

Unfortunately there have been contractors in Massachusetts requiring subcontractors and other parties to alter insurance certificates in a way that misrepresents the actual coverage provided under the insurance policy.


Governor Patrick, prior to leaving office, signed into law Senate Bill No. 2402 which Amends M.G.L. c. 175K by adding a new section which addresses Certificate of Insurance.


The new legislation has three important aspects:


  1. It prohibits any person from preparing or issuing a Certificate of Insurance that contains false or misleading information concerning the underlying policy, one that purports to alter, amend, extend or one that purports to alter, amend, and extend coverage of a policy.
  2. This bill also now applies to third parties. According to Daniel Foley, Vice-President of Government Affairs and General Counsel at the Massachusetts Association of Insurance Agents, general contractors and lenders make unreasonable requests to insured parties which result in the alteration of the Certificate of Insurance.
  3. The law provides that a Certificate of Insurance is distinct from an insurance policy and specifically states that a Certificate does not alter amend or extend an insurance coverage or independently confer rights on any party requesting such a certificate.
If you would like to receive a copy of the new law, please contact Nichole Cincotta @ This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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Closing Attorney Rick Dunn forwards this article describing closing costs and expenses that home buyers could expect at the time of closing.  Things like the abstract or title exam, flood hazard area determination and credit report fees can surprise some first time buyers.  Planning is made more difficult by the fact that some fees in certain areas are variable depending on credit score.  See the article here and be sure to consult a trusted professional when buying a home: http://realestate.aol.com/blog/2015/02/06/what-need-know-closing-costs/ Add a comment
This is according to HartfordBusiness.com, a publication of the Hartford Business Journal.  The upshot is that potential buyers are expected to enter the market in earnest as they attempt to prevent opportunity from passing them by.  Trends from the previous year show variable sales figures for the New England states but the article suggests a continuation of a strong market for the region as in 2013 and 2014.  For more on the subject, click here:  http://www.hartfordbusiness.com/article/20150120/NEWS01/150129996 Add a comment
Just as there are alternate names for condominium-type ownership in other countries such as strata title in Canada and commonhold in the UK, there are community associations that are similar to but distinct from US-style residential condominiums. Home Owners Associations (HOA’s), for example, share the concept of community-wide rules and regulations, architectural restrictions and other governing elements with condominiums.  Another type is called Planned Unit Developments (PUD’s) which may be neighborhoods of single family houses indistinguishable from a typical residential neighborhood except for controlling documents that may cover the access road, design choices or construction density. Add a comment

Written by Attorney Scott Eriksen

At the end of January, 2015, Charlie Perkins, David Chenelle and I travelled to San Francisco for Community Association Institute’s 36th Annual Community Association Law Seminar. The Seminar is a multi-day exposition of national legal developments in the area of community association and condominium law practice.  Veteran community association attorneys from sea to shining sea discuss important changes to statutory and common law, review particularly relevant legislative movements and present new (or tried-and-true) guidance for addressing the multitude of issues that our clients face on a daily basis.

I have been fortunate enough to attend the Seminar for three years running and I can truly say that it has been a valuable and edifying experience each time. It is engaging and inspiring to hear from some of the most well respected counselors in the field, and fun to commiserate with practitioners who – despite thousands of miles between our geographic locations – face largely the same difficulties and challenges that we do on any given day.  Delinquent unit owners? They have those in California, too.  Rogue board members? Illinois feels our pain. Think you have developer complaints? So does New Jersey.  Hoarding, smoking, parking, etc. – chances are someone from another jurisdiction has dealt with these issues as well.  It’s interesting to hear unique perspectives for addressing these problems (though the solutions from other states are not always an option in the Commonwealth).

Oh, and the Seminar is also a fine spot to pick-up a new community association joke, like this gem:

A man falls very ill one day and goes to see his doctor.  The doctor runs a battery of tests on the man and determines, unfortunately, that the man’s condition is terminal.  “I’m sorry,” says the doctor to the man, “I’m afraid you only have one year to live.”  The man is horrified: “Doctor, that’s terrible news! Surely there must be something I can do to prolong my time.”  The doctor pauses in thought for a moment and then his eyes brighten.  “Well,” he says, “there is one thing you can do…” “What is it?!” the man asks eagerly. “Buy a condominium and then join the Board,” the doctor replies evenly.  “What?  I don’t understand, doctor, will that make me live longer?” the man asks.  “No,” says the doctor, “but it will be the longest year of your life.”

So you see, community association lawyers can be funny at times too (or at least we like think so).  Without further ado, here is a recap of some of the highlights from my experience at the Seminar:

Construction Defects – Who Should be on Your Guest List and What’s On the Menu

One of the interesting lectures that I attended was a presentation on dealing with construction defects at newly transitioned associations.  This is something that our firm routinely handles – in fact, we have pending construction/transition cases right now – so I thought it would be good to get some additional perspective on the subject. The theme of the presentation was that construction defect practice gets more interesting and more complicated every day, with a focus on the evolving theories of construction defect liability and the critical role insurance plays is financing recoveries.  Cleverly titled “Who Should be on Your Guest List and What’s on the Menu,” the aim of the lecture was to provide a general outline for approaching construction defect cases to maximize an association’s recovery while minimizing unnecessary or unproductive legal and other expenses.


The presenters confirmed what our own practice has identified over the past few years: one of the unfortunate side-effects of the recent Great Recession has been a rise in issues related to new construction projects.  Whether developers run out of money and leave projects incomplete, cut corners or simply disappear or go bankrupt, the impact has taken its toll on a number of recently constructed associations.  Defects can range from the cosmetic on one end to the structural on the other, or anywhere in between. These issues can present real challenges to newly-minted board members who assume control of the association. For this reason and others, we advise clients that transition is a critical time in the association’s life.  It is important to ensure that the new board has the right team of legal, insurance and engineering representatives even before the new board is elected.  This will help facilitate timely and cost-effective resolution to any defects which may need to be addressed.


The big take away from the lecture was this: “Save a seat at the construction defect table for insurers.” The old maxim that you can’t get blood from a stone holds true.  Insolvent or dissolved declarants (often-times special purpose limited liability companies) may not be worth chasing.  However, that doesn’t necessarily mean that an association will be out of luck. Insurance is a potential source of financial recovery when it comes to construction defects, and developer insurance isn’t the only place to look.  Errors and omissions insurance policies for design professionals “could end up being the main course.” According to the presenters, design professionals’ policies are generally more responsive to defect claims compared to standard form CGL policies carried by contactors. Therefore, they suggested, associations should consider bringing a claim for breach of implied warranty directly against design professionals for their design defects.  In addition, the presenters offered that in circumstances where the declarant is insolvent, an association should also consider bringing implied warranty claims directly against lower-tier contractors/subcontractors who caused workmanship defects.


Running a Darn Good Meeting

Not long ago I wrote an article on Robert’s Rules of Order.  While I have become increasingly more comfortable with rules of parliamentary procedure over the past few years, running an effective and productive meeting is a critical skill for any association attorney.  Accordingly, when I saw on my schedule a presentation entitled “Running a Darn Good Meeting” I jumped at the chance to learn more.

The presenter for this lecture was none other than Jim Slaughter, a North Carolina attorney and member of the prestigious College of Community Association Lawyers (CCAL).  Jim is a Certified Professional Parliamentarian, past President of the American College of Parliamentary Lawyers and the author of The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Parliamentary Procedure (a book I often consult before meetings). While a course on parliamentary procedure may seem less enjoyable to some than a trip to the dentist’s office, Jim’s easy, southern manner and knack for presenting to large audiences made for an engaging and informative session.

As I mentioned in my last article, Jim noted that Robert’s Rules isn’t synonymous with parliamentary procedure – but that it is the most often used and well-known set of rules.  He focused on effective ways to implement these rules without getting bogged down in the minutiae. In fact, I was pleased (and relieved) that Jim’s overview confirmed the brief outline that I had prepared for our client newsletter not long ago.  Namely:

  1. One Size May Not Fit All: Meeting formality is a sliding scale. Too much can be just as troublesome as not enough, and size matters when it comes to determining how best to proceed. Adopt an approach that works for the size of the group involved.
  1. Know Your Documents: The association’s governing documents are important in determining the application of rules of parliamentary procedure.
  1. Motions: The motion is the basic building block of conducting formal business at any meeting. Under Robert’s Rules, the motion, made by an authorized member of the body, should be the starting point of virtually all discussions, votes or actions taken at a meeting. Recognized individuals may make a motion by simply stating: “I move to discuss the association’s budget for Halloween decorations…” or “I move that we discuss hiring Sno-Be-Gone to do our plowing this winter…” Most motions require a second in order to proceed. That is, another member of the body will say “I second the motion regarding the Halloween decorations,” or more simply “I second the motion.” Once this has been completed, the subject has been “put in play” and formal action may be taken.
  1. Minutes: Minutes are an important record of all meetings. But minutes need not (and should not) be a record of everything that was said at a meeting; rather, minutes are a record of what was done at a meeting. Keeping this in mind will help keep the task of preparing minutes manageable.
Jim also discussed the importance of a good agenda as a way of keeping a meeting on track and on time.  He discussed the utility of proxies (and the various different kinds: general proxies, limited proxies, directed proxies, etc.), and offered advice on what do to when you don’t get a quorum – an issue many of our association clients routinely face.  He left us with helpful handouts and a link to his website, which also contains a wealth of information on the topic: www.jimslaughter.com. I strongly suggest that our board member clients take a minute to review the site as I have found the information to be approachable and useful, with charts and handouts (cheat sheets, if you will) to help you run a darn good meeting yourself.


Check back in a few days for more reflections on the conference.

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Current mortgage interest rates remain near historic lows but the Federal Reserve is biding its time until implementing the planned increase.  Expected some time this year, the rate hike may bring 30-year mortgages up to around 5%, prompting economists and Realtor.com to encourage borrowers to act quickly.  Closing Attorney Rick Dunn recommends this link for further information:  http://realtormag.realtor.org/daily-news/2015/02/03/why-homebuyers-need-act-now Add a comment
The Community Associations Institute has issued an Action Alert relative to Congressional easing of antenna installation requirements for HAM Radios and how they may affect condominiums and other community associations.  CAI views the unrestricted installation of towers and large, fixed antennae as a “heavy handed and unnecessary intrusion” on community associations and is urging associations and their legal counsel to contact elected officials to request that they oppose all prohibition of review of antennae installation.  Interested unit owners and trustees can get more information by emailing Sanford at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Add a comment
Membership of the Community Associations Institute is gathering in San Francisco this week to attend sessions on ethics, fair debt collection, fair housing, employment and numerous other topics.  Discussions are expected to be national in scope but also applicable to regional practitioners such as Perkins & Anctil.  The four day event will take place at the Westin St. Francis in Union Square, just between the Nob Hill and SOMA (South of Market) neighborhoods. Add a comment
New England as a region is not as prone to the events many would consider disasters as some other parts of the country but we do have our share, including hurricanes, fires and the occasional earthquake.  Senior Partner Charlie Perkins notes that while these are certainly things to prepare for, it is the mundane water leak that is most likely to disrupt the lives of community association dwellers.  Quoted in Mike Odenthal’s column in the December issue of New England Condominium (www.newenglandcondo.com), Charlie reminds trustees, unit owners and managers that a plan that reflects the building(s)’ character, location and safety concerns is a must for all associations.  Contents should include phone numbers for emergency services, association managers, trusted repair professionals, insurance providers and even the Red Cross in severely critical situations, several of which he has seen in his time serving his community association clients.  As with most of our previous posts concerning Charlie’s condominium thoughts, communication comes up as a vital aspect of the success and well-being of any association.  He recommends creating a book containing all information and procedures as well as holding a special meeting of unit owners to demonstrate the plan and carry out a trial run. Add a comment
In the United States, most people have a pretty clear idea of what a condominium is but unit owners travelling outside the country who are interested in learning about condominium living will need some new vocabulary.  For instance, Australian and Canadian (Except for the Quebecois, of course, who say copropriété divise or divided co-property) owners refer to their form of condominium ownership as “strata title”.  This is a reference to multiple levels, typically of an urban apartment-style building the term first applied to but now denotes single and two story associations in small towns and suburbs. The name will also apply in parts of Asia, Africa, Oceania and even the Middle East.  Other names for condominiums include commonhold in the UK, defined property in Spanish speaking regions and sectional title in South Africa. Add a comment
Two condominium clients have recently banned smoking both in common areas as well as inside individual units.  The change is a timely one, given the appearance in the current issue of Condo Media of an article on the subject that takes a national scope in addressing the matter.  According to the article, barring a supermajority or such higher percentage as may be required under the governing documents, an association cannot ban in-unit smoking in Massachusetts yet.  However, the Commonwealth and other states are considering a ban on smoking in all multifamily residences just as they have in public spaces and work places.  This would hinge on a determination that smoking is a nuisance and or a threat to public health.  In that case, condominium documents with a nuisance provision may be able to prohibit all smoking.  Readers who are members of the Community Associations Institute can view the article here: http://www.caine.org/MediaMagazine/      Non Members can obtain a copy by emailing This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Add a comment
Those seeking to buy a home and obtain a mortgage tend to spend much more time locating the house and less time deciding on a lender.  The complexity of the process may be to blame so the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau and the Federal Housing Finance Agency have created an online “Owning a Home Toolkit.”  The primary feature of this government assistance program is the rate checking tool which allows borrowers to easily compare rates and lenders-an activity that sometimes gets neglected.  Closing Attorney Rick Dunn saw this webpage with links to the toolkit:  http://www.inman.com/2015/01/13/uncle-sam-wants-you-to-shop-for-a-mortgage/ Add a comment
The Wall Street Journal is reporting that the rates for 30-year fixed-rate mortgages have fallen well below 4% as of Tuesday, January 6, 2015.  The decrease is said to be linked to falling oil prices and to declining treasury yields, a mixed blessing that may benefit home buyers given that the real estate market hinges on increased buying power. Real Estate Attorney Rob Anctil forwards this article as illustration: http://blogs.wsj.com/totalreturn/2015/01/06/mortgage-rates-back-at-2013-lows/?mod=trending_now_5#&mod=wsj_valettop_email Add a comment

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